Senegal's major source of electricity is mostly diesel and gas, with an installed capacity of 633 MW. Some hydroelectricity generated from the Manantali Dam in Mali is split between Senegal, Mali and Mauritania. Manantali has an installed capacity of 200 MW dispatched as follows: 52% for Mali, 15% for Mauritania and 33% for Senegal (66 MW).
Electricity generation, mainly on a Build-Own-Operate (BOO) basis, is open to the private sector, and Senelec, the sole buyer, signs power purchase contracts with independent power producers (IPPs). The General Electric/GTI Dakar IPP, which supplies approximately 20% of Senelec’s electrical needs, was commissioned in 1998. It has an installed capacity of 56 MW. On-line since January 2008, the second IPP Kounoune 1 – 67.5 MW - was partially funded by the International Finance Corporation, with Mitsubishi and Matelec S.A.L, a division of the Doumet group from Lebanon, as strategic partners.
Senelec is dealing with a chronic production gap, which has worsened due to an increased demand – the average demand increase during 2005-2009 is estimated at 7%, representing an electricity consumption of 1.933 TWh in 2005 to an estimated 2.66 TWh in 2009. The company is experiencing declining reliability of aging power plants. Senegal's GDP growth was hindered in 2007 by frequent electricity outages, which caused a slowdown of the economic and manufacturing activities. The GDP growth rate decreased to 2.1% in 2006 from 5.5% in 2005. According to local reports, the outages have contributed to the closure of many small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in the food processing, textile and tourism sectors. Larger companies are reporting declines in output averaging 30%.
La Commission de Regulation du Secteur de L’Eletricite (CRSE) is the authority responsible for regulating and controlling the generation, distribution, transmission and sale of electric power in Senegal.
Senegal Electricity Utilities
- Société nationale d'électricité du Sénégal (Senelec ): is the national electricity company of Senegal responsible for the electric power generation, distribution and transmission
- General Electric/GTI Dakar : is an independent power producer (IPP)
- Kounoune: is another independent power producer (IPP)
Plans & Projects
- Senegal is committed to shifting from a diesel-based power generation to cheaper energy sources. Senegal has thus put and option on the coal technology. The recent bid to build-own and operate a 125 MW coal-fired Sendou power station was awarded to a consortium of companies headed by the Swedish operator Nykomb Synergetics. In addition, the country has embarked on an aggressive effort to produce significant quantities of biofuels, initially to run electricity generation units, and has a pilot project using sugarcane-based ethanol.
- As a member of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), Senegal had signed the West African Power Pool (WAPP) agreement in the year 2000, where it was decided upon to develop energy production facilities and interconnect the respective electricity grids of ECOWAS members, leading to the boost of electrical power supply in the West African region. Senegal stands to benefit having interconnection facilities put in place in the second phase of the agreement.
- Electricity produced: 1.88 billion KWh (2007)
- Electricity consumed: 1.384 billion KWh (2007)
- Electricity Exported: 0 KWh (2008)
- Electricity Imported: 0 KWh (2008)